Sofia is the capital and largest city in The Republic of Bulgaria. The city is located in western Bulgaria, near the mountain massif Vitosha. Sofia's history dates back to the 8th century, making it one of the oldest capital cities in Europe. The city has landmarks and architecture dating back centuries and an impressive nightlife, making it memorable in both the am and pm hours.
The area started out as a Thracian settlement, but by the 4th Century BC was in the hands of Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great. In early AD the city was conquered by the Romans and became an impressive part of their empire before being sacked by the Huns in 447. In the 800's the city became part of the First Bulgarian Empire, before falling to the Byzantine Empire two hundred years later. In 1382 the Ottoman's took control of Sofia and allowed the city to become the capital of their province Rumelia. Sofia was liberated by the Russian's during the Russian-Turkish War in 1878 and became the capital of the Principality of Bulgaria a year later, which morphed into the Kingdom of Bulgaria in 1908. Aligned with the Nazi's during World War II the city was heavily bombed by the Allies, until it was occupied by the Soviet Union and turned into the Communist People's Republic of Bulgaria until 1989.
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