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Prague Czech Republic

INTRODUCTION

Located on the Vltava River in central Bohemia, Prague is the capitol and largest city in the Czech Republic. Known as the “City of a Hundred Spires,” Prague is filled with enough amazing architecture, horrific history, and classical charm to rival any city in the world. The city center is filled with wonderful things to see and do. The Charles Bridge is a must see at sunset and the Jewish Cemetery? is a highlight for many. There are street markets almost daily, filled with wonderful handmade items such as crystal jewelry, pottery and paintings. If you're looking for something out of the ordinary, visit the small town of Kutna Hora, just an hour outside of the city.

HISTORY

The history of this area dates back to the Paleolithic Age. Around 500 BC the first known inhabitants of the region were a Celtic tribe named the Boii who named the region Bohemia. During the early AD's the area was controlled by Germanic tribes and eventually the Czech Slavs, and in 870 the very important Prague Castle was founded. In 962 Prague became part of the Holy Roman Empire and in 1346 became the Empire's capital city under Charles IV (who the Charles Bridge is named after). In 1806 Napoleon officially called an end to the Holy Roman Empire and the Czech lands were possibly going to fall into the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a triple Monarchy, but the assassination of the Empire's leader instead led to World War I. After the war the area was turned into Czechoslovakia and Prague became its capitol. During World War II Prague was occupied by Nazi Germany and much of its large Jewish population fled or perished during the Holocaust. The city was freed by the Red Army and in 1948 became a Soviet satellite state. In 1968 came the Prague Spring, a movement by local intellectuals to reform the oppressive system, which was soon followed by Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Velvet Revolution began in 1989 with the fall of the Berlin Wall (termed "velvet" because the transition was remarkably smooth) and the Czech's release from Soviet control. In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into two separate states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO'

Taxi drivers in Prague are notorious cheats. It is best to use public transportation or, in order to get a reliable driver, have your hotel call for you.

ATTRACTIONS

Charles Bridge

Jewish Cemetary

Kutna Hora (outside of Prague)

Prague Castle

RESTAURANTS

LODGING

PERSONAL STORIES


 
 
 
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