Considered the most romantic city in the world, Paris is the capital and largest city in France, with a population just over 2.1 million people. Situated on the River Seine the city offers architectural delights on every turn. It is home to the Eiffel Tower, the Champs Elysees, Montmartre?, The Arc De Triomphe, The Bastille, the Avenue Montaigne, and much, much more. Although it is a tourist Mecca, the city is mainly filled with people living their daily lives, often causing friction between the two camps, and giving Parisians a reputation for rudness.
The area near the Seine was settled by the Parisii tribe around 250 BC, giving the city the foundations for its name. The Romans conquered the area in around 52 BC beginning the areas prosperity. Germanic invasions during the fall of the Roman Empire lead to a period of decline for the city. During the Middle Ages the area was controlled by the Franks and Paris became a capital of its sovereign state. Paris lost its lead position when control passed to the Burgundians, but regained its position by 1437. King Louis XIV moved the French court to nearby Versailles in 1682, but Paris was the center of the French Revolution and the monarchy was overthrown by 1792. The Industrial Revolution ignited the greatest development in Parisian history during the 1800's, but a cholera epidemic, the Franco-Prussian War, and the Commune of Paris, caused great upheaval and population decimation during much of the 19th Century. The city, however, quickly recovered with the Universal Expositions, which lead to the building of the Eiffel Tower and many other important cultural progressions, cementing the city as a tourist magnet. Paris was the center for the war effort against Germany in World War I, but in World War II the city was overrun by the Nazis. Since the 1970's many of Paris's suburbs have seen deindustrialization leading the city to many of its current economic gaps and social problems.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
Paris is an expensive city. If you're on a limited budget, and would still like to explore the city of lights--consider staying at a youth hostels?. Another money saver is to eat at lesser known bistro's, or buy food for a picnic and take it back to your hostel. Save on fares by walking as much as possible, or ride the Metro?.
Make sure to walk along the Seine River at night in order to view the sunset. Night cruises along the river are also available, and offer views of "The City of Lights" lit up in the evening, as well as the best places to see the sunset.
The Arc De Triomphe
École Normale de Musique de Paris
Notre Dame Cathedral
Sainte Chappelle Chapel
Pere Lachaise Cemetery
Known worldwide for their beer selection, Au Trappiste, located on Rue St. Denis, has tasty food as well. Their beer menu is lengthy, offering popular beers from all around the world. The cuisine is mainly French, varying from a cheeseburger with a fried egg on top to a large portion sausage and sauerkraut plate. Overall the place has not only an exquisite beverage menu, but it has something for everyone.