Ollantaytambo is a town and an Inca archaeological site in southern Peru some 60 km northwest of the city of Cuzco. It is located at an altitude of 2,792 meters above sea level.
During the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo was the royal estate of Emperor Pachacuti. Now, it is a tourist attraction because of its connection to the Inca culture and as one of the most common starting points for the hike on the Inca Trail.
In the middle 15th century, Pachacuti conquered and razed Ollantaytambo.The emperor rebuilt the town with extensive terracing and irrigation systems. The town provided lodging for Inca nobility while the terraces provided adequate farm land.
During the Spanish conquest of Peru, Ollantaytambo became the capital for a time for a rebel force against the conquistadors. The resistance force fortified the town and its approaches in the direction of the former Inca capital of Cusco, which had fallen under Spanish domination. In 1536, these rebels defeated a Spanish expedition blocking their advance from a set of high terraces and flooding the plain. Eventually, this land was worked into the Spanish domain.
Today, Ollantaytambo is an important tourist attraction and comes alive each time groups head off to take on the Inca trail.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO