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Former Macedonia


Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) is a mountainous land right at the heart of the Balkans. Its churches and mosques contain many fine examples of art and architecture from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods.


This country, located in Southeastern Europeand north of Greece, gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia? in 1991, which occurred under the provisional designation of the "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia."


Climate: Cold in winter (heavy snow) and wonderfully warm and sunny in summer.

Capital: Skopje

Languages: Albanian, Turkish, Croatian and naturally Macedonian

Currency: Denar - Currently 1 MKD = 0.0196 USD

Time Zone: DST +0200 UTC

Power: 220 V, 50 Hz



Macedonia's capital is largely new, as a result of an earthquake in 1963. There is, however, plenty to see. Skopje Old Town is the most attractive quarter of the city. It is full of shops and restaurants. Visit the Church of the Holy Saviour, with its intricately carved iconostasis (a screen in orthodox churches on which icons are hung). Also to be found in the Old Town are the Kursumli An (16th-century) and the Suli An (15th-century) caravanserai's and the Daut Pasha Baths with its two large and 11 small domes.


On Lake Ohrid, this is probably the most attractive town in (Former Yugoslav Republic of) Macedonia. Here St. Clement of Ohrid laid the foundations of the first Slav university. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Ohrid became the capital of the Macedonian Tsar Samuil. The walls of his fortress still survive and now provide a venue for summer concerts, operas and plays. Near the old fortress are the remains of a classical theater. Dotted around this beautiful town are a number of ancient churches, particularly the Cathedral of St. Sophia, containing some magnificent 11th-century frescoes.

The Mountains in Macedonia

The mountains in the Republic of Macedonia, by their shape are very different, ranging from mild round shape in the eastern part, to fully Alpine in the western part. Such diversity offers great possibilities for developing sports as alpinism, sport climbing, speleological, cannoning, paragliding, skiing, ski-climbing, etc. On the slopes of some of the mountains, there are ski-centers, such as Popova Shapka on Shar Planina, Mavrovo (Bistra), Begova Cheshma (Baba), Krushevo (Krushevo Mountain), Oteshevo (Galichica) and other smaller centers which are constantly developing.

Botanical Gardens

The Botanical Garden is a home to numerous species of flora from Macedonia, the Balkan Peninsula, and other parts of the world.





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