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Dallas Texas

INTRODUCTION

Dallas is the ninth largest city in the United States in the countries second largest state of Texas. The city was given a reputation for oil and extravagance because of the soap opera Dallas, and the city itself does not completely disappoint. The Dallas metropolitan area boasts one of the largest concentrations of billionaires and plastic surgeons in the world.

Dallas is also known for its barbeque and frozen margaritas, and they must be good because Dallas has more restaurants per capita than New York City, and one of the highest rates of people who eat out, in the country. Dallas is also the annual home of the legendary Texas State Fair? which occurs September through October.

HISTORY

Dallas was not founded until 1841, during the period when Texas was its own republic. Texas became part of the United States in 1846. Dallas was a small Texas town until a bit of congressional trickery guided the major north-south, east-west Texas rail routes through Dallas in 1873. This move thrust Dallas into becoming one of the most important commercial centers in the Southwest, especially in the cotton market. The 1930’s saw the discovery of oil in Texas and Oklahoma and because of Dallas’ location it became a natural hub in the industry. A couple of decades later the microchip was invented in Dallas by an inventor at Texas Instruments, making Dallas the silicon valley of the Southwest, a title it still boasts to this day. In 1963 Dallas was host to the last assassination of an American President when John F. Kennedy was gunned down during a parade in the city. In the 1970’s and 1980’s Dallas’ downtown went through a building boom producing many of the catchy contemporary high rises that make up the cities skyline today.

DETAILED HISTORY

The earliest archaeological evidence found in the Dallas area suggests that the region was inhabited by Caddo Native Americans until the arrival of European settlers.

By the 1500s, the territory was claimed by both French and Spanish settlers, but in 1819, the signing of the Adams-Onis Treaty gave control over the land to the Spanish. The treaty was designed to settle land disputes with America, and established the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain.

The settlement brought an increase in visitors, due to the relative safety compared with other western settlements. The settlement that became Dallas was for a short time part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas, when the United Mexican States claimed independence from Spain in 1824. Eleven years later, the state would divide under the Constitutional Bases of 1835, which gave birth to the department of Tejas, becoming the Republic of Texas in 1836. In 1939, John Bryan visited the area looking to establish trade with the locals.

By the end of the 1830s, sufficient interest in the region led to the “cleaning up’ of the land, driving out wild animals, First Nations residents and welcomed John Bryan, who once again came looking to build strong trade.

Unfortunately for the entrepreneurial Bryan, most of his customer base (First Nations residents he made contact with a few years earlier) had been driven out, so rather than spend time and money building a trading post, Bryan founded a city.

It is said that during the early years of his settlement, Bryan served multiple roles, from postmaster to ferry operator. He even offered his home as the county courthouse. Several crops were planted, and the new settlement began attracting the residents of nearby rural communities like Bird’s Fort.

The Republic lasted for nine years, becoming the State of Texas by the end of 1945. That same year, Dallas gained its first lawyer. When Dallas county was established in 1846, the growing town became the namesake county seat, sharing the duty with two other settlements until 1950.

By the mid 1850s, Dallas officially became a town and elected its first mayor. Within a few years, the town had grown into an international hot spot, a status only heightened when the railroad came to town.

A short but devastating fire during the summer of 1860 destroyed most of the business district. European residents unleashed their fury on the slave population, whom they held responsible for the fire.

As tensions rose throughout the United States during the years leading up to the American Civil War, Texas voted overwhelmingly for secession voting to leave the Union). When the civil War erupted in 1861, Texas sided with its southern friends, but saw very little involvement in the war.

Within a few years, slavery was abolished and Texas slaves were liberated. Many moved to Dallas seeking a peaceful future, in what was perceived to be one of the safest and most prosperous cities in the country. A few communities of former slaves grew evolved in Dallas, known as Freedman’s towns, giving rise to racist fears. The result was the devastatingly long lasting Ku Klux Klan, founded in the mid 1860s by Confederate veterans.

The Klan became known for extremist violence, seeking to prevent post war Reconstruction efforts and revoke the status of freed Africans. By 1868, the Klan had reached Dallas.

In 1871, Dallas was large enough to officially become a city. The increased growth led to a network of rail lines, using the city as its hub, furthering its potential as a viable commercial center. Not surprisingly, the population exploded, more than doubling in size in the span of one year. The downtown and business districts were renovated and expanded to accommodate the rapid growth, and the city began shipping locally grown crops throughout the states.

The 1870s brought many changes for the city, including the installation of then revolutionary telegraph lines, gas pipelines and a modern water system. Dallas began looking to the future, developing large hotels and new roads.

As the 20th century loomed on the horizon, Dallas slipped easily into the Industrial Revolution. The face of the city changed as industry changed the way life was led. Increased financial security drew an even larger population, and many popular Dallas institutions were founded.

Fair Park began its first year playing host to the Texas State Fair in 1886.

The Dallas Zoo opened in 1888, as the largest in the state. Historic Parkland Memorial Hospital opened in 1894. The hospital is best know as the hospital where President John F Kennedy and Texas Governor john Connally were taken after being shot in Dealey Plaza. Within days, the man charged with shooting President Kennedy, former Marine Lee Harvey Oswald, died at the hospital after being shot by Jack Ruby, who also died at the hospital.

Dallas took advantage of the prosperity, but suffered during the economic slump of the 1890s. Several residents left the city, unable to meet their bills. Within the first few years of the 20th century, however, Dallas bounced back with a strong hold on distribution of a wide range of products, from pharmaceuticals to jewellery to liquor. The city quickly dominated the southern markets, and began moving from an agriculturally based economy to financially based. Banks and insurance paved the way for high volume retail.

The Dallas Art Association was founded in 1903, operating a pseudo-gallery out of the public library. The gallery moved to the free public art Gallery of Dallas in 1909, the first of several moves, before finally coming to rest in the downtown as the Dallas Museum of Art.

When the Trinity river flooded the city in 1908, retailers suffered millions of dollars in damages. In response, the rebuilding of Dallas included a bridge over the river providing safe passage in times of need.

As the First World Was set in, Love Field was built as an aviation training ground. Following the war, Love Field became a municipal airport.

Dallas survived the Great Depression, seeing many development projects revitalise the city. Oil was discovered east of the city, and Dallas quickly became the financial center of a new growing industry.

In 1936, Dallas was chosen to host the Texas centennial Exposition. An estimated 25 million dollars in construction projects to accommodate the event drew the attention of the nation, and 10 million visitors flocked to the city.

Dealey Plaza was developed in 1940, most famous as the route on which President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. The plaza has changed little since the assassination, and efforts are underway to fully restore the route to its exact appearance on the fateful day.

In 1941, Geophysical Service Incorporated was founded, changing its name to Texas Instruments in 1951. The global corporation currently one of the top producers/ suppliers of chips and signal processors used in a variety of products from computers to cellular telephones. By the end of the 1950s, Dallas had grown into one of the largest technological centers in the world.

In 1954, Parkland Memorial Hospital moved to Harry Hines Blvd, where it currently stands.

Dallas market Center opened in 1957, and is now the world’s largest wholesale market in the world. The Dallas Memorial Auditorium (known as the Dallas Convention Center since 1970) opened that year, founding what is now known as the Convention District.

Tragedy struck the city and captured the eyes of the world on November 22, 1963, when President John F Kennedy was assassinated while his motorcade drove through Dealey Plaza. While one suspect was arrested and charged with the murder, several conspiracy theories have arisen due to conflicting eye witness testimony. The event shocked the world and galvanized the nation, so much so that it is said that everyone, American or not, remembers where they were the moment they heard President Kennedy had been shot.

Dallas instigated the Dallas Transit System, to help accommodate the rapid growth in 1964.

The success of the city led to heavy many manufacturing projects during the Second World War, churning out countless jeeps and trucks. The war forced residents to adopt food rations, however, but the city remained strong.

Over the last decades of the 20th century, Dallas continued to grow and evolve. Much of the oil industry began moving to Huston, the state’s largest city. Even still, the city boomed, due in large part to a resourceful technology sector. The Dallas Area rapid Transit system replaced the aging transit system, and now includes nearly 50 miles of light rail transit.

Unfortunately, troubled times would return in the 1980s, with the Savings and Loan Crisis, during which several financial institutions across the United States went belly up. More than 1,000 institutions closed their doors, costing Americans more than 160 billion dollars. The Dallas economy suffered immense losses.

The city was slow to recover, but in these troubled times Dallas elected Annette Strauss, its first woman mayor. The city also celebrated its 150th anniversary, boosting moral.

As the new millennium approached, Dallas began experiencing a telecom boom, securing the city’s position as the Silicon Valley of Texas.

In the New millennium, Dallas has become more than a city of legend. Unfortunately, the news is not always good. The American Lung Association states that Dallas has one of the worst environments for air pollution in the country. The city continues to draw the crowds. The economic boom of the 1990s slowed during the “dot com bust”, and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 further deepened the economic recession due to lack of travel interest, but within a few years the city began to bounce back with strong urban renewal efforts, such as Victory Park. The three billion dollar project will provide 4,000 homes and more than four million square feet of retail and office space.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

Out of the largest cities in the United States, Dallas is consistently ranked as the most dangerous.

Power: 120 V, 60 Hz

Languages: English

Climate: Dallas enjoys a warm, welcoming climate that is usually fairly humid, but can also become quite dry and hot.

While winters are generally mild, Dallas experiences what has come to be known as the “Blue Northers”, during which time the temperature drops below freezing. Due to these dramatic cold snaps, Dallas sees the occasional snowfall and freezing rains that ice the roads over.

Dramatic changes in weather patterns also lead to thunderstorms and tornadoes, which can be fascinating to watch but quite dangerous. Currency: US Dollar

Time Zone: Central (UTC-6)

ATTRACTIONS

The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza
Dallas Museum of Art?
Nasher Sculpture Center?
Texas State Fair?
Dallas Cowboys?
Southfork Ranch?
Reunion Tower

There is plenty more history to explore in Dallas, Texas.

Activities? | Sights? | Shopping? | Events? | Business Index?

RESTAURANTS

LODGING

PERSONAL STORIES

My vote goes to Dallas for many reasons. The wide open spaces. Cost of living is very rasonable, the air is clean and the weather although hot is enjoyable. There are many beautiful homes to choose from. you can be living in the country yet be in hub bub of all within a half hour or less. I found the people to be friendly. There is many things to do there. country & western dancing but of course, is there anything else? Chili Cook-offs, The purpose of this is to raise money for charties and promote chile while having fun by watching the shows they put on along with sampling lots of chili. The state fair is one of the largest in the nation and last several weeks. You can go to a play, enjoy curtural events. Also the West End is a great place to go, and let us not forget the reunion tower. While sitting in the restaurant it will circle totally around where you can see, view and enjoy the sites of the city and events that are marked in history for instance where President Kennedy got shot. As for the food it is out of this world with many restaurants to chose from for whatever type of food you like from wild game, a great steak or melt in your mouth ribs. It would take you months to eat at all the resturants that Dallas and the surrounding communities have to offer. For the shopaholics there are many malls and strip shopping centers also western stores to chose from. There is always on going events along with many things to see and do.

This is one of many reasons that I chose Dallas, Texas. For further details and ongoing even you can go to the Texas convention and visitors bureau site on line, so check it out. You too would want to check it out also like to wish you were there. Dallas, Texas has won my heart for sure.

What can I say about Dallas...

If you want to do some shopping then here is the place to be. From exotic stores, numerous malls and of course Dallas Alley. As for restaurants, there are 4 times the number of restaurants per person than the city of New York. So I am sure that you would find something that you would love. Happy trails y'all.

Downtown Dallas is beautiful at night, with all of it lit up. Night or day though Dallas offers more then enough to keep you busy. The Dallas Arts District? features places such as The Dallas Museum of Art? and the Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center? not to mention Dallas- The Science Place , The Science Place? and the African American Museum on the grounds of Fair Park.

Come and enjoy the sites and atmosphere, you won't be dissapointed.


 
 
 
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